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Baucent [bestiary:horse] [charlemagne]

[OWNER]
William of Orange; William Fiercebrace (CL = Couronnement Louis 255 1337, PO 721) "curb-nosed" "short-nosed" (CL 1163) [E.];
Guillaume d'Orange [mod. Fr.];
Guillaume au Court nés, ~au Court nés, au Cors nés F 69, Al 21, etc. [OF]
'corb nes' Ghigelmo alcorbitanas (Nota Emilianense)[L.]

[HORSES]
0) Belû;r (Ulrich von dem Türlin, Arabel, Singer ed. XLV,7 L,12 LII,16 LIV,11 LV,29) Belůr (var., Kassel ms. 2, fol. 12r) Belur (var., fol. 12v) [MHG]
Willehalm's horse, ridden during young King Louis's campaign against the pagans, and which was killed after Willeham made a reckless charge ahead of the vanguard and was captured. (This occurs in the so-called Arabel by Ulrich v. dem Türlin, a prequel to Wolfram's Willehalm proper).
After Willehalm is imprisoned by the pagan King Tybalt, his wife Arabel is entrusted with the captive's care, and love blooms between them. They elope to France, she is christened "Gyburg", and they are married.

1) Baucent; Bauçant, Bauchant [OF.]*1;
le balcent (CL 409, Langlois ed.) l'auferrant courssier (var. A1 A2 A4 412), bauchant (var. B1 C 412), baucen (var. B2 412); "piebald steed"(ib., Ferrante tr.);
Puzzat (Willehalm, Gibbs & Johnson trr.), Bozzate(Willehalm, Kassel ms. 2, fol. 81r); [<OF baucent "black and white, mottled, pied". See baucent the common noun.]
The famous horse of William (Gulliaume d'Orange/Willehalm).

A French sources says this horse was captured from pagans by William still as a "childe", that is, as a yet unknighted juvenile (Enfance de Guillaume, Ferrante, Intro., p.17). The rough outline of its acquisition is as follows:
On an appointed day, Aimeri de Narbonne and his four sons (including William), leave their city so that the young men caan be knighted. The pagan king Tiebaut takes the opportunity to attack Narbonne in their absence. The traveling Narbonnais encounter a detachment of troops who came to court the lady Orable of Orange, and in the ensuing fight, Aimeri is captured. William succeeds in freeing his father, and captures a fine enemy horse, Bauçant, which had been one that lady Orable had sent as gift to Tiebaut. William learns of Orable's fine reputation and declares his intentions to marry her, but before he can accompish this, she is wedded to the aforesaid Tiebald.

In Couronnement Louis (The Coronation of Louis) "the baucent" is the horse which is ridden by William and is killed while in combat against Corsolt. But if this horse were Baucent, it would no longer be alive to be able to appear in other chansons that occur chronologically later in William's career. Therefore, Ferrante resorts to a bit of leger-de-main and translates the killed horse as "the piebald" rather than "the Baucent".

The Germanized equivalent to this horse is Puzzat, and it appears as Willehalm's horse in Wolfram von Eschebach's Willehalm.

2) Alion (CL 644, 1208, 2096, 2143, 2503, 2617 Ferrante tr.) [E.]; Alïon (var. A1 A2 B1 648; A1 A2 A4 2074; A1 B1 C 2121; A1 A2 A4 B1 2479; B1 2592), Arïon (var. A1 A2 A3 A4 B2 1206; A2 A4 2121; A1 A2 A4 2592), Alÿon (var. A2 B4 C 648; B1 1206; B2 2121, 2479, 2592), Arondel (var. C 2592);
auferrant courssier (var. B1 B2 2074), ;
In CL, the horse which William captured from Corsolt and which he consequently rode.

3) Clinevent (CL 2617, Ferrante tr., Langlois)[E., F.]; Clivevent (A1, 2593), Clinenent (var. A2, 2593), Clivenant (var. A4, 2593), Clinevent (var. B1, 2593), Clynevent (var. B2, 2593), Prisaut (var. C, 2593)
In CL, name of a horse that Guillaume, riding Alion, won't leave behind but decides to lead away. The horse is apparently the one that had been ridden by Guy of Alemagne whom he just vanquished, striking him with the sword Joyeuse.

4)Folatil (Aliscans Ferrante tr.); Folatise, Folatisse (ib. Guessard ed. p.38, 45, 46, 61, 63, 66, 128, 149, 157) Foltille (var. Guessard ed. p.42, 45); Volatîn (Willehalm 85, 26) Volatin (ib., Gibbs & Johnson trr.) [MHG]
Horse that Wiliam takes from Aerofle, Tiebaut's uncle [≅ Arofel, Giburc's uncle].

[BORROWED SWORD]
Joyeuse [mod. Fr.]; Joiiouse, Joiouse, Joieuse [OF];
Schoyûs, Schoyuse (Willehalm 85, 26) Schoiuse (ib., Gibbs & Johnson trr.) [MHG.] Tschoise (Ulrich von dem Türlin, Arabel, Singer ed. XLIV,6 LI,29)
Guillaume (William) serves Louis the Pious.

[HORSES OF OTHER CHARACTERS]
Punzel (Arabel CLXXV, 10) Bunzel (var. B)
Horse of the burggraf (Senebalin).

§ Couronnement de Louis (12c.) of Raimbert de Paris

XX
XXX
Ch. O, line xxxx [ed. Joseph Barrois]*2
EEEEEEEEEEEEEE
Ch. O,



















*1 Couronnement de Louis U. Ottawa, [pwd/library + wordsearch], [pdf] BNF (abbr. CL, CoLouis)




*2 See Nota Emilianense

*3 In Langlois's Table des Noms Propres is listed: "Marchevalée. Cheval du soudan. DO 19, 45, 85, 120, 171" [DO=DÉLIVRANCE OGIERLa Délivrance d'Ogier le Danois, fragment d'une chanson de geste (A. de Longpérier, Journal des Savants, 1876, p.219-233)




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